Have you ever given a thought to your sleep? Or how your body feels tired?

The answer to all these questions lies in one single hormone: melatonin.

Simply put, melatonin is a hormone produced by a small pea-shaped gland, called the pineal gland, deeply seated in the human brain. This gland regulates the rhythmic rest and activity cycle in the human body. Hence, the human body is naturally induced to sleep by virtue of this gland, and in consequence, melatonin.

biological clock

Let’s quickly glance at what this regulatory hormone does for us.

  • Sleep induction

Like mentioned earlier, melatonin is one of the key inductors for sleep in human body. It works in conjugation with a specialized center in our body, which acts like a regulatory station. This station is called, suprachiasmatic nucleus or SCN, starts its task of producing melatonin with the pineal gland, when night falls. Hence, activities of the human body decreases, thereby letting it resign to a state of rest. Therefore, melatonin acts as a natural indicator for our bodies to soothe itself of the tiredness acquired during the day.

  • Defense Mechanism

Besides inducing sleep, melatonin also acts as a line of defense against many diseases. Negatively charged, oxygen and nitrogen atoms, circulating as a result of respiration, might cause a lot of damage, resulting in diseases. By binding itself to these atoms, melatonin renders them harmless. This checks the spreading of a lot of diseases.

  • Energy production

While melatonin works in synthesis with the powerhouses of cells, called Mitochondria, it cleans up negatively charged atoms, which in turn enhances the production of energy. Also, this action of melatonin reduces production of such atoms, thereby increasing the body’s efficiency.

So, when you find your sleep levels dwindling, lack of melatonin stands to be the main reason. Here’s where usage of supplements come to the fore.

Artificially synthesized melatonin

Ensure that your external source of melatonin isn’t artificial, for artificially synthesized melatonin has its own side effects. Opt for walnuts, pineapples, and tart cherries to raise your decreasing sleep hormones.

Melatonin is a hormone that’s normally within your body. Its goal is to manage the time-of waking and sleeping. When that pattern is broken for just about any cause, melatonin supplements may be taken before bedtime to re-set the body’s time.